This inequality is called disproportionate minority contact (DMC for short), and it means black Chicago youth are impacted by the justice system more than their peers.
For example, one in five high school seniors say they've used marijuana in the last month. This is true of white, black, and Hispanic youth.
Source: University of Michigan
Hover or Tap the map to to see how the odds varied between districts, or Type your address to see the odds in your neighborhood.
The number of arrests for marijuana possession has fallen since Chicago decriminalized marijuana in 2012 and Illinois followed suit in 2016.
As the number of arrests fell, however, the proportion of arrests of black youth stayed the same.
Youth who are arrested are more likely to drop out of high school and less likely to attend a four-year college than their peers.
Source: Sociology of Education
Youth who spend time in a detention center will have lower wages and less wealth a decade later.
Source: American Sociological Review
Youth who are convicted of drug-related or sexual offenses can’t receive federal aid for college.
In Chicago, juvenile arrests are made in greater numbers in police districts where most youth are black or Hispanic. More arrests means more incarceration.
Researchers estimate the national poverty rate is 2.5% higher because of incarceration.
Source: Crime and Delinquency
This effect is concentrated in neighborhoods home to more people who are imprisoned. As a consequence, disproportionate minority contact makes whole neighborhoods poorer.